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The Mashsha\'i Philosophical System
The Mashsha'i Philosophical System
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Details: The Mashsha'i Philosophical System : New,
Commentary & Analysis of Hidayat al-Hikmah,
*[A5] Paperback - 163 pages,
Hidayat al-Hikmah by Imam Athir al-Din al-Abhari [d.1262/5h],
Compiled by Syed Ali Tawfik al-Attas,
Published by Pelanduk Publications.

Description :

The genesis of Islamic sciences resulted from inquiry into the fundamental elements of the worldview projected by Revelation. The language of the Muslim sciences has predominantly been the Arabic language which dominated technical terminology of both the theoretical sciences and theology. This is no more apparent than in the works of the mashsha'i philosophers.

The foregoing book is written in the mashsha'i tradition, in particular in the Avicennan tradition where the elements of philosophy as understood by the Muslim philosopher were not identical to the Greek conception of philosophy: although in general the form of the theoretical science remained intact yet its matter was cloaked with elements that were clearly Islamic.

The metaphysical and cosmological framework of the Islamic sciences, in general, arose out of a process of a unique comprehension, interpretation, and conceptualisation of the fundamental elements as revealed by sacred doctrine. Indeed, in the hands of Muslim masters, the appropriation of a transmitted Greek legacy in which Neoplatonism loomed large, underwent such fundamental transformations as to transcend itself. Having undergone this fundamental transformation, referred to as Islamisation, what resulted was a new scholastic legacy no longer receptive of interpretation by any constructs other than Islamic.

Imam Athir al-Din al-Abhari :

He is Athīr al‐Dīn al‐Mufaddal ibn ʿUmar ibn al‐Mufaddal al‐Samarqandī al‐Abharī, also known as Athīr al‐Dīn al‐Munajjim (d. in 1265 or 1262. Athir al-Din al-Abhari was a philosopher, astronomer, astrologer and mathematician. Other than his influential writings, he had many famous disciples.

His birthplace is contested among sources. According to one source he was born in Abhar, a small town between Qazwin and Zanjan. Whilst another source mentions that he was born in Mosul. Beside the city of Abhar, his epithet al-Abharī could suggest that he or his ancestors originally stem from the Abhar tribe.

He is said to have been a student or teacher in various schools at Khurāsān, Baghdad, and Arbil, living for some time in Sivas. Ibn Khallikān reports that he was student of Kamāl al‐Dīn ibn Yūnus, but other sources state that he worked as an assistant to Fakhr al‐Dīn al‐Rāzī.

Amongst his known works :

Astronomy :

    ---Risāla fī al‐Hayʾa (Treatise on astronomy),
    ---Mukhtasar fī al‐Hayʾa (Epitome on astronomy),
    ---Kashf al‐Haqāʾiq fī Tahrīr al‐Daqāʾiq, where he accepts the view that the celestial bodies do not change and maintains that stars have volition and it is the source of their motion.

Mathematics :

Several works on Islāh (Correction) of Euclid, one of which is an attempt to prove the parallel postulate, which was commented upon and criticised by Shams al-Dīn al-Samarqandī.

Philosophy :

    ---Kitāb al-Hidāyah (Hidayat al-Hikmah - Guide on Philosophy): a book dealing with the complete cycle of Hikmat, i.e., logic, natural philosophy, and metaphysics.
    ---Isāghūjī fi al-Manṭiq (Commentary on Porphyry's Isagoge), a treatise on logic.

Dr. Syed Ali Tawfik Al-Attas, is the director-general of the Institute for Islamic Understanding (IKIM) and the author of a number of articles and books on Islamic Philosophy.

Table of Contents :


---Chapter [1]. Textual Analysis & Commentary : Logic,
----A. The Logical Theory,
----B. Mental Perceptions,
-------1. Single and Compound Expressions (Terms),
-------2. The Explanatory Phrase (al-Qawl al-Sharih),
----C. Judgements (Tasdiqat),
-------1.Propositions (al-Qadaya),
-------2.Syllogism (Qiyas),
---------a. The Form of Syllogism,
-----------i. Categorical or Conjunctive Syllogism (Qiyas Iqtirani),
-----------ii. Repetitive Syllogism (Qiyas Istithna'i),
---------b. The Matter of Syllogism,
-----------i. Demonstration (al-Burhan),
-----------ii. Dialectical Syllogism (al-Jadal),
-----------iii. Rhetorical Syllogism (al-Khitabah),
-----------iv. Poetic Syllogism (al-Sh'ir),
-----------v. Fallacy (al-Mughalatah).

---Chapter [2]. Textual Analysis & Commentray : Physics,
----A. Elementary Sciences of Physics,
----B. The Astronomy of the Intellects,
----C. Secondary Physical Sciences,

---Chapter [3]. Textual Analysis & Commentary : Metaphysics,
----A. Ontology,
----B. Theology,
----C. Psychology of the Intellects and Eschatology,


Other books on Philosophy,
Also see Mantiq (logic) books,
More Islamic Studies : Darsi Kitabs.

*Dimensions : 21.7 x 14.2cm.

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This product was added to our catalog on Saturday 05 January, 2019.