The Great Exegesis : Al-Tafsir al-Kabir,
Volume 1, The Fatiha, New,
*[A5] Paperback - 520 pages,
by Imam Fakhr al-Din al-Razi [d.606h],
Transl. by Dr. Shoaib Saeed,
Published by The Islamic Texts Society, Cambridge.
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Imam Fakhr al-Din Razi’s Tafsir, The Great Exegesis, also known as Mafatih al-Ghayb, is one of the great classics of Arabic and Islamic scholarship. Written in the twelfth century, this commentary on the Qur’an has remained until today an indispensable reference work. The Great Exegesis is a compendium not only of Qur’anic sciences and meanings, but also Arabic linguistics, comparative jurisprudence, Aristotelian and Islamic philosophy, dialectic theology and the spirituality of Sufism.
The present volume is the first ever translation into English from 'The Great Exegesis' and focuses on the first chapter of the Qur’an, the Fatiha. This scholarly yet accessible translation gives readers a thorough understanding of the most commonly recited chapter of the Qur’an; it also opens up for readers a window into the thought and practice of one of Islam’s greatest theologians.
is a monument to Islam’s great tradition of learning
and an incredibly rich pathway into it. Making it accessible to an
English-speaking audience, by a translator who is a scholar himself, is a
great contribution that will be appreciated by many for many years to
come.’---Jonathan AC Brown, Georgetown University, USA
‘Dr. Sohaib Saeed offers us a meticulous and readable translation of a
masterpiece of Qur’anic exegesis by the great Muslim intellectual Fakhr
al-Din al-Razi, whose goal was to illuminate every possible shade of
meaning of the Muslim Revelation, from moral-ethical and legal, to
rational and allegorical-mystical, not to mention linguistic,
grammatical and historical. A must-read for every serious student and
connoisseur of the Qur’an.’---Alexander Knysh, Professor of Islamic Studies, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA.
About the Author :
He is Muhammad ibn `Umar ibn al-Hasan ibn
al-Husayn Abu `Abd Allah al-Qurashi, al-Bakri, al-Taymi, al-Tabaristani
al-Shafi`i, known as Ibn al-Khatib and as Fakhr al-Din al-Razi
(543-606), Shaykh al-Islam, the Imam of the learned scholars of kalam and the foundations of belief, a major jurist of the Shafi`i school, specialist of usul,
Sufi, commentator of the Qur'an, philologist, genealogist,
heresiographer, logician, and physician. "An ocean that contains more
pearls than the ocean." The principal spokesman of Ahl al-Sunna in his time, he refuted all the sects with which he came into contact, particularly the multifarious groups of the Mu`tazila, Shi`a, and Hashwiyya as well as the Jews and Christians.
student of his father Khatib al-Rayy Diya' al-Din `Umar and Majd al-Din
al-Jili al-Maraghi principally, then Abu Muhammad al-Baghawi and Kamal
al-Din al-Simnani, he memorised early on Imam al-Haramayn's work in
kalam entitled al-Shamil. He began
his scholarly career in poverty and died at sixty-three at the height of
fame and wealth, poisoned, it is said, by the Karramiyya of Herat who were envious of his great following among the princes of Khurasan.
superb teacher, al-Razi could debate and preach in both Arabic and
Persian, and he answered gracefully and at length the questions of the
scholars of all four schools in Herat. He would often break into
emotional states while preaching, moving to tears whoever listened to
him. He was expelled from Khwarizm and Transoxiana by the Mu`tazila and returned to his native Rayy where he authored a series of works which achieved widespread fame in a short time.
Table of Contents :
The Great Exegesis : Volume 1 : The Fātiḥa,
Book [I] : Sciences Derived from the Istiʿādha,
Part One : Literary Aspects of the Istiʿādha,
---Chapter One: The Word (Kalima
) and its Like,
---Chapter Two: Sounds, Letters and their Rulings,
---Chapter Three: Nouns, Verbs and Particles,
---Chapter Four: Various Categorisations of the Noun,
---Chapter Five: Rulings Concerning Genus Nouns and Derived Nouns,
---Chapter Six: Inflected and Uninflected Nouns,
---Chapter Seven: Inflection of Verbs.
Part Two : Narrated and Rational Exegesis of the Istiʿādha,
---Chapter Eight: Juristic Issues Connected to the Istiʿādha,
---Chapter Nine: Rational Enquiries Concerning the Istiʿādha
---Chapter Ten: Spiritual Allusions of the Istiʿādha
---Chapter Eleven: Further Enquiries Associated with the Istiʿādha
Book [II] : The Basmala,
---Chapter One: Introductory Enquiries
---Chapter Two: Concerning the Recitation and Writing of the Basmala
---Chapter Three: Concerning the Name (Ism
---Chapter Four: Names Denoting Actual Attributes,
---Chapter Five: Names Denoting Relative Attributes,
---Chapter Six: Names Denoting Eliminative Attributes,
---Chapter Seven: Names Denoting Combinations of Actual & Relative Attributes.
---Chapter Eight: Remaining Issues Pertaining to Divine Names,
---Chapter Nine: The Name Allāh,
---Chapter Ten: The Names al-Raḥmān and al-Raḥīm,
---Chapter Eleven: Spiritual Allusions of the Basmala
Book [III] : The Fātiḥa,
---Chapter One: Names of this Sūra
---Chapter Two: Virtues of this Sūra
---Chapter Three: Rational Wisdoms Derived from this Sūra
---Chapter Four: Juristic Issues Connected to this Sūra
---Chapter Five: Exegesis of Sūrat al-Fātiḥa [Verse by Verse]
-------All praise is for God...
-------Lord of the worlds (Q.i.2),
-------The Compassionate, the Merciful (Q.i.3),
-------Master of the Day of Judgment (Q.i.4),
-------You we worship...
-------And from You we seek help (Q.i.5),
-------Guide us upon the straight path (Q.i.6),
-------The path of those on whom You have bestowed favour...
-------Not of those who incur wrath, nor of those who are astray (Q.i.7)
Chapter Six: Exegesis of Sūrat al-Fātiḥa as a Whole,
-------Rational Subtleties Derived from this Sūra,
-------The Approaches of Satan,
-------How the Fātiḥa Contains All the Requisite Knowledge of the Beginning, the Middle and the End,
-------God’s Division of the Prayer into Two Halves,
-------The Prayer is the Ascension of the Gnostics,
-------On Divine Superiority and Greatness,
-------Subtleties Concerning All praise is for God & the Five Divine Names in this Sūra,
-------The Reason for the Basmala Containing the Three Names,
-------The Reason for the Fātiḥa Containing the Five Names,
---Appendix: Persons Cited in the Text,
*Dimensions : 23.4 x 15.6cm.