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Original Islam : \'Intisar\' by Imam al-Ra\'i
Original Islam : 'Intisar' by Imam al-Ra'i
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Details:  Original Islam : New,
'Malik and the madhhab of Madina'
*[A5+] Paperback - 232 pages,
Contains annotated translation of
Intisar al-faqir al-salik of Imam al-Ra'i [d.853h],
by Yasin Dutton
Published by Routledge.

Back in Stock July 2020

Description :

Original Islam : Imam Malik and the Madhhab of Madina. This work investigates the primacy of Madinan Islam and the madhhab (school of law) of its main exponent, Imam Malik ibn Anas. It contains an annotated translation of Intisar al-faqir al-Salik li-tarjih madhhab al-Imam al-Kabir Malik, which was written by Imam al-Ra'i, a fifteenth-century Andalusian scholar resident in Cairo.

This book includes :

   ***A comprehensive section on the scholarly credentials of the great eighth-century Madinan jurist Imam Malik ibn Anas,
   ***A detailed examination of a number of theoretical & practical disputed legal issues,
   ***Examples of the inter-madhhab rivalry & prejudice prevalent in 15th-century Cairo,
   ***An extensive introduction giving background information on Imam al-Ra’i and his life and times.

It also highlights the significance of the text for contemporary Muslim discourse, in which both "modernist" and "fundamentalist" elements often equate the concept of madhhab with an outmoded tradition which must be rejected as irrelevant to the practice of Islam in a globalised world.

This book aims to put this ongoing controversy about madhhab, particularly the Maliki madhhab and its "pre-madhhab" Madinan origins, on a surer footing. Original Islam provides access to a hitherto little known area of Islamic law and is essential reading for those with interests in this area.

Imam Shams al-Din al-Ra'i, [782-853h];

He is Shams al-Din Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Isma'il al-Ra'i. He was born in or around the year 782 AH (1380 Common Era) in Granada, the capital of the Nasrid kingdom in al-Andalus in present day Spain. It was there that he grew up and began life as a scholar, studying under a number of the most important scholars of his day, among whom the biographers mention;

---1. Abu Ja'far Ahmad ibn Idris ibn Sa'id al-Andalusi, from whom al-Ra'i learnt fiqh, usul al-fiqh and Arabic grammar,
---2. Ibn Abi 'Amir, under whom he studied hadith,
---3. Al-Haff'ar, the Imam & Mufti of Granada, under whom he also studied hadith,
---4. Al-Minturi, a Granadian scholar from whom he learnt the Ajurrumiyya on grammar,
---5. Abu l-Hassan 'Ali ibn Muhammad ibn Sam'at (?) al-Gharnati, whom al-Ra'i cites as an authority in his Intisar.
---6. Ibn Siraj, who was Mufti and Chief Judge of Granada, and the author of many works, including a commentary of Khalil's Mukhtasar.
---7. Ibn Fattuh (?) who was Mufti of Granada, and whom al-Ra'i mentions having studied under in the Yusufiyya Madrasa in Granada.

The biographers also mention that al-Ra'i received ijazas from a number of shaykhs, including some from the Maghrib. He was known to have written at least books and a number of poems. He passed away in the year 853 after hijri (1449 Common Era) and is laid to rest in Cairo, Egypt.

Yasin Dutton is Senior Lecturer in Arabic Studies at the University of Cape Town. His current research interests include early Islamic law, early Qur'anic manuscripts, Islam and the environment, Islamic economics and the application of Islamic law in the modern world. Recent publications include: The Origins of Islamic Law: The Qur’an, the Muwatta’ and Madinan ‘Amal (Richmond, UK: Curzon Press, 1999; second, revised edition, London: Routledge Curzon, 2002).

Table of Contents :

---Original Islam,
---Notes on the text,

------The madhhabs today,

Part 1 : Al-Ra'i and his Intisar,

---[1]. Al-Ra'i's Life and Times,
-------Al-Ra'is' early life,
-------Al-Ra'is' in Cairo,
-------Al-Ra'is' books.

---[2]. The Intisar and its Significance,
-------The reason for writing the Intisar,
-------The book's significance,
-------The rise of the madhhabs,
-------Al-Shafi'i's influence,
-------A note on the translation.

Part 2 : Translation of Al-Ra'i's Intisar,
---Intisar al-faqir al-salik li-tarjih madhhab al-imam al-kabir Malik

---Author's Introduction,

---[1]. On giving preference to Imam Malik, may Allah be pleased with him,
------The hadith of the Prophet, ﷺ, about the 'alim of Madina,
------The hadith of the Prophet, ﷺ, about the "people of the West"
------The testimony of the other three Imam's about Imam Malik,
----------Imam Abu Hanifa's praise of Imam Malik,
----------Imam al-Shafi'i's praise of Imam Malik,
----------Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal's praise of Imam Malik,
------Imam Malik's special qualities,
------Testimonies to Imam Malik's learning,
------Malik's respect for knowledge,
------Further testimonials to Malik's knowledge and character,
------Why the people of the West follow Imam Malik,
------Selections from Abu Nu'aym's Hilya t'al-Awliya,
------Two dreams about Imam Malik in Ibn Hajar's Tawali al-Ta'sis,
------Al-Qarafi on Malik's special qualities,
------An unlikely karama attributed to Imam Malik,
------Selections from al-Yawaqit's Al-Murassa'a,
------Imam Malik's care in relating hadith,
------Selections from al-Ghafiqi's Musnad Hadith Muwatta' Malik,
----------Imam Malik's death,
------Three dreams about Imam Malik in al-Nawawi's Tahdhib al-Asma,
------Further selections from Abu Nu'aym's Hilya t'al-Awliya,
------Selections from al-Shirimsahi's Nazm al-Durr and other soucres,
------Further selections from Qadi 'Iyad's Madarik.

---[2]. On giving preference to the madhhab of Imam Malik, and the sources on which it is based,
------The authoritativeness of the Madinan 'amal,
------Al-Mansur and the compilation of the Muwatta,
------Asad ibn al-Furat's study of the madhhab of Imam Malik,
------Qadi 'Iyad on the consensus (ijma') of the people of Madina,
------Ibn Rushd on sales with conditions (al-bay wa-l-shart),
------Al-Shirimsahi on the amal of Madina,
---------Sales by list of contents (al-bay' 'ala l-barnamaj),
---------The invalidity of khiyar al-majlis,
---------The principle of sadd al-dhara'i (blocking the means),
---------Rational proofs for giving preference to the madhhab of al-Malik,
------Some anecdotes,
------A poem in praise of the Maliki madhhab,
------Malik's letter to al-Layth ibn Sa'd about the 'amal of the people of Madina,
------Al-Layth's reply to Malik's letter about the 'amal of the people of Madina.

---[3]. Some points of difference which are frequently mentioned between the proponents of the other madhhabs which indicate  [that one should] give preference [to the madhhab of Imam Malik, may Allah have mercy upon him],
------1. The purity of water,
------2. Is semen pure or not?
------3. The purity of dogs,
---------An anecdote concerning a certain Shafi'i,
---------The praiseworthy characteristics of dogs,
------4. Fasting being broken by something getting into the body,
------5. Wiping the head when doing wudu,
------6. Repeating the takbir in the adhan,
------7. Should the Basmala be recited when doing the prayer?
------8. The difference of opinion regarding recitation behind an Imam,
------9. Someone doing a fard prayer praying behind someone doing a nafl prayer.

---[4]. Some examples of the prejudice that I have seen and heard from the proponents of other madhhab which led to the writing of this book,
------Prejudice on the part of some Shafi'i scholars,
------The basis for saying that a mutilated slave is free,
------Doing the prayer behind a Maliki Imam who does not recite the Basmala,
------How the adhan should be done,
------A Shafi'i's objection to a Maliki leading the prayer,
------Denial of the accusation that Ashhab wounded al-Shafi'i,
------What ibn Hajar said in his Manaqib al-Layth,
------Prejudice of the part of some Hanafi scholars,
------Further examples of the prejudice of some Shafi'is,
------Examples of the fairness of some Shafi'i scholars towards the Maliki madhhab.

---[5]. Some [grammatical] points where many specialists make mistakes.
------1. Wudu' and wadu,
------2. Dhikr and dhikra,
------3. Ghusl and ghasl,
------4. Akl and ukl,
------5. Kuhl and kahl,
------6. Reasons why the way many mu'adhdhins call the adhan is kufr,
------7. The common error  regarding the pronunciation of the word mi'a.

---Biographical Notes of Persons Mentioned,
------Arabic Sources,
------European-language sources,

Also see Islamic History,
More Maliki related works.

*Dimensions : 23.5 x 15.7cm.


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This product was added to our catalog on Thursday 09 April, 2020.