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Scholars & Sultans in .. Ottoman Empire
Scholars & Sultans in .. Ottoman Empire
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Details:  Scholars and Sultans ....
in the Early Modern Ottoman Empire : New,
*[A5+] Large Paperback - 272 pages,
by Abdurrahman Atcil,
by Cambridge University Press.




Description :

During the early Ottoman period (1300–1453), scholars in the empire carefully kept their distance from the ruling class. This changed with the capture of Constantinople. From 1453 onwards, the Ottoman government co-opted large groups of scholars, usually over a thousand at a time, and employed them in a hierarchical bureaucracy to fulfill educational, legal and administrative tasks.


  *** Presents the first extensive analysis of the changes in the relationship of scholars with the Ottoman government from 1300 to 1600,
  *** Offers a nuanced understanding of the variety in the status and attitudes of different groups of scholars under the Ottomans by introducing the term 'scholar-bureaucrats'
  *** Treats the history of scholars in connection with domestic and international changes.


Abdurrahman Atçıl explores the factors that brought about this gradual transformation of scholars into scholar-bureaucrats, including the deliberate legal, bureaucratic and architectural actions of the Ottoman sultans and their representatives, scholars' own participation in shaping the rules governing their status and careers, and domestic and international events beyond the control of either group.



About the Author :

Abdurrahman Atçıl is an assistant professor and a Fellow of the Brain Circulation Scheme, co-funded by the European Research Council and the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey, at Istanbul Şehir University. He also holds an assistant professorship in Arabic and Islamic Studies at Queens College, City University of New York.





Table of Contents :


---List of Tables.
---Notes on Usage,
------Abbreviations,
---Acknowledgements.

---Introduction,
------Scholar-Bureaucrats,
------Sources,
------The Structure of this Study.

---Part [I]. Scholars during the Early Ottoman Period (1300–1453):
------1. Post-Mongol realities in Anatolia and the Ottomans,
------2. Madrasas and Scholars in Ottoman lands,
----------Madrasas in the Early Ottoman Period,
----------Scholars gravitate to Ottoman lands,
----------The Services of Scholars in Ottoman lands,
----------The relationship of Scholars with the Ottoman Government.

---Part [II]. The Formation of the Hierarchy (1453–1530):
------3. Introducing the Ottoman Empire,
------4. Scholars in Mehmed II's nascent imperial bureaucracy (1453–81),
----------Rebuilding Istanbul and supporting Scholars,
----------The Migration of Scholars from Iran,
----------Mehmed II's attempt to monopolise the patronage of Scholars,
----------Creating the opportunity for a lifetime career in the service of the Empire,
----------Codifying the Hierarchical Order,
----------Scholars in the Government Service,
----------Scholars' perceptions of the new order,
------5. Scholar-bureaucrats realise their power (1481–1530),
----------Exploring the limits of the Sultan's authority,
----------The discourse and practice of Justice and Shari'a as Sources of Legitimacy,
----------The Hierarchical system gains regularity and normativity,
----------Novitiate Status (mulazemet) as a tool for extending and restricting the Government employment,
----------The Extended Official Hierarchy : Scholar-Bureaucrats without the status of novice,
----------The Scholar-Bureaucrats' relationship with the Ottoman Government during a time of crisis,

---Part [III]. The Consolidation of the Hierarchy (1530–1600):
------6. The focus of attention changes,
------7. The ascendance of dignitary Scholar-Bureaucrats (mevali),
-----------The bifurcation in the Scholarly Hierarchy,
-----------The privileges of dignitaries,
-----------The dignitaries increasing sway over Novitiate status and entrance to the official Hierarchy,
------8. The growth and extension of the Hierarchy,
-----------The construction of new Madrasas,
-----------The provisions of endownment deeds and the control of Madrasas,
-----------Incorporation of Judgeships,
-----------Increasing the number of Scholar-Bureaucrats through administrative techniques,
-----------Conclusion.
------9. The rules and patterns of differentiation among Scholar-Bureaucrats,
-----------Differentiation on the basis of Scholarly Excellence,
-----------Differentiation on the basis of Competence,
-----------Differentiation on the basis of Geography,
-----------Differentiation on the basis of Economic Needs and Resources,
-----------Differentiation on the basis of Contacts; Structured Patronage,
-----------Conclusion.
------10. The integration of Scholar-Bureaucrats in multiple career tracks,
------------Judgeships without the status of dignitary,
------------Professorships followed by Judgeships without the status of dignitary,
------------The lower career track of dignitaries,
------------The upper career track of dignitaries,

---Conclusion,
------------Implications for Ottoman Historical Studies.


---Glossary,
---Bibliography,
---Index.












*Dimensions : 23 x 15.3cm.






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This product was added to our catalog on Sunday 17 November, 2019.