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General History

The History of al-Tabari, Prophets & Patriarchs
The History of al-Tabari, Prophets & Patriarchs
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  • Authored by: Imam al-Tabari

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Details:  The History of al-Tabari : Vol II, New,
Prophets and Patriarchs,
Volume 19, Ta'rikh al-Rusul wa'l-Muluk,
*[A5] Paperback - 219 pages,
by Imam Abu Jafar al-Tabari [d.310h],
Transl. by William M. Brinner,
Edited by Ehsan Yar-Shater,
Published by SUNY Press, USA.




Description  :

Ta'rikh al-Rusul wa'l-Muluk : The History of The Prophets & Kings by Imam al-Tabari, rahmatullahi ta'ala 'alayhi.



Prophets and Patriarchs; This 2nd volume presents the lives and efforts of some of the Prophets, peace be upon them, preceeding the birth of Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. It devotes most of its message to two towering figures--Abraham, the Friend of God, and his great-grandson, Joseph, upon them be peace.


The story is not, however simply a repetition of Biblical tales in a slightly altered form, for Imam al-Tabari sees the ancient pre-Islamic Near East as an area in which the histories of three different peoples are acted out, occasionally meeting and intertwining. Thus ancient Iran, Israel, and Arabia serve as the stages on which actors such as Biwarasb, the semi-legendary Iranian king, Noah and his progeny, and the otherwise unknown Arabian prophets Hud and Salih appear and act.


In the pages of this volume we read of the miraculous birth and early life of Abraham, and of his struggle against his father's idolatry. God grants him sons--Ishmael from Hagar and Isaac from Sarah--and the conflicts between the two mothers, the subsequent expulsion of Hagar, and her settling in the vicinity of Mecca, all lead to the story of Abraham's being commanded to build God's sanctuary there. Abraham is tested by God, both by being commanded to sacrifice his son (and here al-Tabari shows his fairness be presenting the arguments of Muslim scholars as to whether that son was Ishmael or Isaac) and by being given commandments to follow both in personal behavior and in ritual practice.


The account of Abraham is interlaced with tales of the cruel tyrant Nimrod, who tried in vain both to burn Abraham in fire and to reach the heavens to fight with God. The story of Abraham's nephew Lot and the wicked people of Sodom also appears here, with the scholars once again arguing--this time over what the exact crimes were for which the Sodomites were destroyed.


Before proceeding to the story of Joseph, which is recounted in great detail, we linger over the accounts of two figures associated with ancient Arabia in Muslim tradition: the Biblical Job, who despite his trials and sufferings does not rail against God, and Shu'ayb, usually associated with the Biblical Jethro, the priest of Midian and father-in-law of Moses. Finally we meet Joseph, whose handsome appearance, paternal preference, and subsequent boasting to his brothers lead to his being cast into a pit and ending up as a slave in Egypt. His career is traced in some detail: the attempted seduction by Potiphar's wife, his imprisonment and eventual release after becoming able to interpret dreams, and his rise to power as ruler of Egypt.


The volume ends with the moving story of Joseph's reunion with his brothers, the tragi-comic story of how he reveals himself to them, and the final reunion with his aged father who is brought to Egypt to see his son's power and glory.


This is proto-history told in fascinating detail, of us in different contexts, as well as of others completely unknown to Western readers.





About Imam al-Tabari :

He is Abū Jaʿfar Muhammad b. Jarīr al-Tabarī (d. 310/923). Imam al-Tabari, rahmatullahi ta'ala 'alayhi, is one of the most famous Muslim scholars of the classical Islamic civilisation. He composed numerous books in Arabic in the fields of Islamic law, Qur’ān commentary, and history.


The only two of the larger works of Al-Tabari's to survive are his 'History of Messengers and Kings' (Tarikh al-Rasul wa al-Muluk) also referred to as 'History of al-Tabari' and his Qur’ānic commentary, 'The Comprehensive Exposition of the Interpretation of the Verses of the Qur’ān' (Jami` al-Bayan `an ta'wil ay al-Qur'an).
Imam  at-Tabari died at the age of 85 in the year 923 A.C. (310 H).






Table of Contents :


---Preface,
---Translator's Foreword.


---[1]. An Account of Biwarsb, that is, al-Azdahaq,
------The Account of that Tale,
------Prophet Noah and his Progeny,

---[2]. An Account of Events Between Prophet Noah and Prophet Abraham,
------`Ad and the Prophet Hud,
-------Thamud and the Prophet Salih,

---[3]. Prophet Abraham, the Friend of the Merciful,
------The Command to Build the House,
------God's Testing Abraham with the Sacrifice of His Son,
------Concerning Those Who Said It was Isaac,
------As for Those Who Said it was Prophet Ishmael,
------The Story of the Sacrifice of Prophet Isaac,
------The Story of the Sacrifice of Ishmael,
------God's Testing Abraham with Commandments,
------Nimrod b. Cush,
------Lot b. Haran,
------The Death of Sarah and of Hagar,
------The Death of Abraham,

---[4]. The Account of the Descendants of Ishmael and Isaac,
------Prophet Job,
------Prophet Shu'ayb,
------Prophet Joseph,


---Bibliography of Cited Works
---Index.








Also see Islamic History.

Books related to the Ahl al-Bayt,
Other works of Imam al-Tabari.




*Dimensions : 21.8 x 14.2cm.








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This product was added to our catalog on Friday 11 October, 2019.