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The History of al-Tabari, The First Civil War
The History of al-Tabari, The First Civil War
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  • Authored by: Imam al-Tabari

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Details:  The History of al-Tabari : Vol XVII, New,
The First Civil War,
Volume  17, Imam 'Ali & Amir Mu'awiyah,
*[A5] Paperback - 271 pages,
by Imam Abu Jafar al-Tabari [d.310h],
Transl. by G. R. Hawting,
Edited by Ehsan Yar-Shater,
Published by SUNY Press, USA.

Description  :

Ta'rikh al-Rusul wa'l-Muluk : The History of The Prophets & Kings by Imam al-Tabari, rahmatullahi ta'ala 'alayhi.

The First Civil War [Vol 17]. Many of the events treated in this volume have become part of the historical consciousness of Muslims. The first civil war of Islam, the Fitnah, is widely seen as of decisive importance in dividing the Muslims into three major traditions, Sunnis, Shi'ahs, and Kharijis, which have persisted until today. Although this division may be an over-simplification of a much more complex process of community formation, the events narrated here are certainly of great importance in the early history of Islam.

The volume is focused on the struggle between the Caliph 'Ali, may Allah be pleased with him, and his rival and eventual successor as Caliph, Mu'awiyah, may Allah be pleased with him, the first caliph of the Umayyad dynasty. About half of the material is concerned with the confrontation between the two at the battle of Siffin in 657, the fighting, the ending of the battle when the Syrian supporters of Mu'awiyah, may Allah be pleased with him, are described as having attached Qu'ranic texts to their lances, and the subsequent negotiations between the two rivals which resulted in the dispute's being put to arbitration.

Much detail is also provided about Imam 'Ali's struggle against the Kharijis, his former supporters who had turned against him as a result of his agreement with Amir Mu'awiyah to accept arbitration; the revolt against 'Ali in regions of Iraq and Persia around the northern edges of the Persian Gulf, which involved Christians, as well as Muslims, Arabs, and such non-Arab groups as Kurds; the events in Egypt that led to the burning of 'Ali's representative there in the skin of a donkey; and the murder of 'Ali by Ibn Muljam, the account of which sometimes reads as if it were a popular story.

Imam al-Tabari's text makes available a wealth of detail in narratives collected from the now lost compilations of scholars of earlier generations. The bulk of the material is cited from the famous Abu Mikhnaf, who died in 774 C.E., but there are also many reports from other traditionists and narrators whose materials would be largely unknown to us if it were not for the work of al-Tabari. The volume contains a number of speeches and letters attributed to the Prophet's, ﷺ, son-in-law and cousin Imam 'Ali, including his deathbed speech to his sons, and there is also a version of the document drawn up by Imam 'Ali and Amir Mu'awiyah in which they agreed to appoint arbitrators.

The Arabic text of the Leiden edition of al-Tabari has been compared with the more recent Cairo edition and with the substantial parallel passages in such other works as the Waq'at Siffin of al-Mingari and the Sharh Nahj al-Balaghah of Ibn Abi' l-Hadid, as well as other sources, in an attempt to provide a secure text for translation. Individuals and places are identified in the footnotes, further references to sources and secondary literature are provided, and textual problems and historical matters are discussed. The volume contains a bibliography and index.

About Imam al-Tabari :

He is Abū Jaʿfar Muhammad b. Jarīr al-Tabarī (d. 310/923). Imam al-Tabari, rahmatullahi ta'ala 'alayhi, is one of the most famous Muslim scholars of the classical Islamic civilisation. He composed numerous books in Arabic in the fields of Islamic law, Qur’ān commentary, and history.

The only two of the larger works of Al-Tabari's to survive are his 'History of Messengers and Kings' (Tarikh al-Rasul wa al-Muluk) also referred to as 'History of al-Tabari' and his Qur’ānic commentary, 'The Comprehensive Exposition of the Interpretation of the Verses of the Qur’ān' (Jami` al-Bayan `an ta'wil ay al-Qur'an).
Imam  at-Tabari died at the age of 85 in the year 923 A.C. (310 H).

Professor G.R. Hawting : is the Emeritus Professor, Department of History, School of History, Religions & Philosophies, at the University of London. He specialises in the early development of Islam in the Middle East; Arabic accounts of Prophet Muhammad’s, ﷺ, life; and pre-modern Islamic and Middle Eastern History.

Table of Contents :


---Translators Foreword,
------The Events described in this Volume,
---------Background & Summary,
------The Significance and Interpretation of the Events,
------Manuscripts and Parallel Sources,
------The Translation.

---The Events of the Year 36 (cont'd) (656/657);
------The Departure of 'Ali b. Abi Talib for Siffin,
------'Ali Orders the Construction of the Bridge over the Euphrates,
------The Battle "by the Water"
------'Ali Calls Mu'awiyah to Obedience and Unity.

---The Events of the Year 37 (657/658);
------The Truce between `Ali and Mu'awiyah,
------The Organisation of the Military Units (Kata'ib) & Preparation of the Troops for Battle,
---The Intensity of the Fighting,
---The Killing of 'Ammar b. Yasir,
---Hashim b. `Utbah al-Mirqal and the "Night of Howling"
---The Raising of the Masahif and the Call for Arbitration,
---'Ali Sends Ja'dah b. Hubayrah to Khurasan,
---The Secession of the Khawarij from 'Ali and His Companions, and Their Subsequent Return,
---The Meeting of the Two Arbitrators at Dumat al-Jandal,
---The Actions of the Khawarij at the Time of 'Ali's Sending Abu Musa to the Arbitration, and the Battle at the Canal.

---The Events of the Year 38 (658/659);
------The Killing of Muhammad b. Abi Bakr in Egypt,
------The Killing of Muhammad b. Abi Hudhayfah,
------The Episode of Ibn al-Hadrami, Ziyad, and A'yan,
------The Opposition of al-Khirrit b. Rashid & the Banu Najiyah to 'Ali, & al-Khirrit's Separation from Him.

---The Events of the Year 39 (659/660);
------Mu'awiyah Sends His Forces into 'Ali's Territories,
------The Sending of Ziyad to Fars.

---The Events of the Year 40 (660/661);
------Mu'awiyah Sends Busr b. Abi Artat with 3,000 Fighting Men to the Hijaz,
------The Circumstances of Ibn `Abbas' Going to Mecca and Leaving Iraq,
------The Circumstances of the Murder and Death of 'Ali,
------The Length of His Caliphate,
------His Physical Appearance,
------His Ancestry,
------His Wives and Children,
------His Governors,
------Aspects of His Conduct,

---Bibliography of Cited Works,

Also see Islamic History.

Books related to the Ahl al-Bayt,
Other works of Imam al-Tabari.

*Dimensions : 23 x 15.4cm.

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This product was added to our catalog on Friday 27 September, 2019.