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An Outpouring of Subtleties V1
An Outpouring of Subtleties V1
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Details:  An Outpouring of Subtleties V1: New,
Fayd al-Latif ala Jawharah al-Tawhid,
Volume [1]. Divinity (Ilahiyyat),
*[A5] Paperback - 353 pages, Now in Stock!
Jawharah al-Tawhid by Imam al-Laqqani [d.1041h],
sharh by Imam al-Bajuri [d.1277h],
Transl & Commentary by Shaykh Allie Khalfie,
Published by Sunni Publications, Rotterdam.

Available for Immediate Despatch : November 2019

Description :

In a time of competing worldviews, where reality has been obfuscated by obtuse philosophies and obscured by the façade of worldly allures, the need to revive higher theological truths is as urgent as ever. With An Outpouring of Subtleties upon the Pearl of Oneness, Shaykh Allie Khalfe lights the lamp that uncovers these precious truths, redirecting man’s vision from life’s mundane, outward forms, to its profound, inner meanings.

At the heart of this book lies the translation of Jawhara al-Tawhid, the timeless poem in creed written by Imam Ibrahim al-Laqani, rahimahullah. This pearl is further enriched with the commentary of Imam Ibrahim al-Bajuri, rahimahullah's,  Tuhfa al-Murid, followed by selections from the commentaries of Imam Ahmad al-Sawi and Imam ʿAbd al-Salam al-Laqani. Finally, it is completed with numerous insights from the pens of classical and contemporary scholars, as well as the author’s own beneficial notes.

In the first volume of this exhaustive work, the traditional theological topics of Divinity [ilahiyyat] are discussed in a detailed, yet easily accessible and clear fashion. These topics pertain to the existence of God, His attributes, and that which is necessary, possible, and impossible for Him, allowing one to arrive at the knowledge of God [maʿrifa].

    “Our son, Shaykh Allie Khalfe, is an intelligent student of knowledge who has reached a high station with a sound understanding of the original text and has expressed that within his translation.” —Shaykh Hasan al-Shafiʿi.

    “This translation allows us to truly enter the rich, fascinating world of Islamic beliefs and theology, inhabited by scholars who were fearless in their convictions, precise in their arguments, deeply knowledgeable in a number of fields and, above all, had the ability to revive our faith.” —Dr. Auwais Rafudeen.

About Shaykh Ibrahim al-Laqani :

He is ash-Shaykh Abd al-Salam bin Ibrahim bin Ibrahim al-Laqani, the Maliki Jurist, the shaykh of the Malikiyyah of his day. He was born in 971. He was a philosopher, a Sufi and a ascetic Jurist. He passed away in 1078 hijri.

Among his works are :

--- It'haf al-Murid Sharh Jawharat al-Tawheed,
--- Al-Siraj al-Wahaj bi Sharh Qisati al-Isra wal Mi'raj,
--- Ibtisam al-Azhar min Riyad al-Akhyar fi Rabi' al-Abrar bi Mawlid al-Habib al-Mukhtar,
--- Sharh Mandhumat al-Jaza'iriyyah fil 'Aqaid,
--- Hashiyat 'ala Tadhkirat al-Qurtubi.

About Al-Shaylh Al-Imam al-Bajuri :

Ibrahim b. Muhammad b. Ahmad al-Bājūri or al-Bayjūrī - which is an ascription to a village nearby Cairo named al-Bājūr - was noted as the Shaykh of Islam and the Shaykh of al-Azhar University. He was born 1198 hijri / 1784CE and lived in Gīza during the French occupation when Napoleon entered Cairo.

In the year 1216 hijri / 1801CE, he returned to Cairo and began studying in Azhar University and gained popularity due to his immense knowledge. He began teaching in al-Azhar in Shaban of 1263 hijri / 1801CE and continued teaching until he passed away in Dhul- Hijjah of 1277 hijri / 1861CE.

Table of Contents :

---About the Author,
---Foreword by Shaykh Hasan al-Shafi'i al-Azhari,
---Foreword by Dr. Auwais Rafudeen,
---Chain of Transmission.

---Imam Ibrahim al-Laqani, The Noble Author of Jawhara,
---Imam Ibrahim al-Bajuri,
---The Arabic Text,
---The English Translation,
---Imam al-Bajuri's Introduction to the Jawhara.

Chapter [1]. The Basmala,
---The reasons for commencing with the basmala,
---The rules of the basmala,
---Using the basmala in poetry,
---The letter ʾin the basmala,
---Some of the subtleties regarding the letter ʾ
---The word ism,
---The name Allah,
---The greatest name [al-ism al-aʿẓam],
---The names al-Raḥmān and al-Raḥīm.

---Verse 1: All Praise is due to Allah...
------1.1. The praiseworthiness of commencing with the ḥamdala,
------1.2. The letter wāw,
------1.3. Praise [ḥamd]
------1.4. The meaning of the word thanāʾ
------1.5. The theological definition of ḥamd,
------1.6. Praise [ḥamd] and gratitude [shukr],
------1.7. The noble author mentions salutations [salām] before prayers [ṣalāt],
------1.8. A deeper look at ṣalāt and salām.

---Verse 2: Upon a Prophet who...
------2.1. The lexical meaning of the word nabī,
------2.2. The definition of ‘Prophet’[nabī] and ‘Messenger’[rasūl],
------2.3. The number of Prophets and Messengers,
------2.4. The lexical meaning of the word ‘oneness’[tawḥīd],
------2.5. The definition of tawḥīd according to the sharīʿa,
------2.6. The definition of tawḥīd specific to this craft,
------2.7. The definition of creed [ʿaqīda],
------2.8. The importance of ʿaqīda,
------2.9. The types of tawḥīd,
------2.10. Why Imam al-Laqānī confined himself to the word tawḥīd,
------2.11. The ten principles of every craft,
------2.12. The letter wāw in this verse,
------2.13. The definition of religion [dīn].

---Verse 3: Then He guided the Creation...,
------3.1. Jihād and when it was legislated,
------3.2. Guidance [irshād],
------3.3. Creation [khalq],
------3.4. ‘Li’in‘li-dīn al-Ḥaqq
------3.5. The word ḥaqq,
------3.6. The sword,
------3.7. The swords of the Prophet, ﷺ;
------3.8. Truth [ḥaqq] and truthfulness [ṣidq].

---Verse 4: Muḥammad, ﷺ, the last of the Messengers...,
------4.1. The name Muḥammad, ﷺ,
------4.2. Āl and Ahl al-Bayt (the Prophetic Household),
------4.3. Permitting members of the Prophetic Household to accept zakāt,
------4.4. The spiritual benefits of alms [zakāt],
------4.5. The definition of‘Companion’[ṣaḥābī],
------4.6. The Prophets ʿĪsā, Ilyās and Khiḍr, alayhim as-salam,
------4.7. The number of Companions.

---Verse 5: To proceed, knowledge of...,
------5.1. Imam al-Ghazālī on beneficial knowledge,
------5.2. The opposite of knowledge,
------5.3. General proofs [dalīl ijmālī] and detailed proofs [dalīl tafṣīlī],
------5.4. The rules concerning creed [aḥkām iʿtiqādiyya],
------5.5. The definition of ʿilm al-kalām,
------5.6. The basic knowledge required by the theologian,
------5.7. The names used for theology [ʿilm al-kalām].

---Verse 6: However, due to its lengthiness...
------6.1. Long explanations,
------6.2. Brevity.

---Verse 7: And this poem I have named...,
------7.1. Didactic poetry,
------7.2. The legal ruling on poetry,
------7.3. The pearl,
------7.4. Using extravagant names for books.

---Verse 8: And in Allah do I hope...,
------8.1. Hope [rajāʾ],
------8.2. Long hopes,
------8.3. Will [irāda],
------8.4. Good deeds and rewards.

Chapter [2].

---Verse 9: And for every accountable person...
------9.1. The rulings of the sharīʿa,
------9.2. The conditions [shurūṭ] for taklīf,
------9.3. The divisions of legal responsibility [taklīf],
------9.4. Ahl al-fiṭra,
------9.5. Sound senses [salāma al-ḥawās],
------9.6. The parents of the Prophet,
------9.7. Reason according to the Muʿtazila,
------9.8. The notion of good and evil according to the Muʿtazila,
------9.9. The notion of good and evil according to Ahl al-Sunna,
------9.10. The rulings of the sharīʿa according to the theologians,
------9.11. The attributes of Allah in three categories,
------9.12. The definition of the necessary [wājib].

---Verse 10: For Allah, the permissible...,
------10.1. The definition of the permissible [jāʾiz] and its types,
------10.2. The definition of the impossible [mumtaniʿ] and its types.

---Verse 11: Since anyone who follows another...,
------11.1. The definition of following without proof [taqlīd].

---Verse 12: And regarding it, some of the scholars...,
------12.1. The status of the follower [muqallid],
------12.2. Some examples of ignorance prevalent amongst muqallidīn,
------12.3. Some views in defence of the muqallid’s faith.

---Verse 13: And they said, if he has firm resolve...,
------13.1. The definition of general and detailed proofs,

---Verse 14: And be certain that the primary...,
------14.1. The meaning of having knowledge [maʿrifa] of Allah,
------14.2. Maʿrifa according to Ibn ʿAṭāʾillah,
------14.3. Maʿrifa according to Imam al-Ghazālī,
------14.4. Opinions regarding the mukallaf’s primary obligation.

---Verse 15So reflect upon yourself…
------15.1. The order [tartīb] of reflection [naẓar],
------15.2. The definition of naẓar,
------15.3 Contemplation [tafakkur],
------15.4. Tafakkur and its types,
------15.5. The one who knows himself knows his Lord,
------15.6. The definition of ‘world’ [ʿālam].

---Verse 16: You will find in it a making…
------16.1. Badīʿ and the perfection of creation,
------16.2. The contingency of the world.

---Verse 17: And anything for which non-existence…
------17.1. The proof of contingency [dalīl al-ḥudūth],
------17.2. The fallacy of infinite regression [tasalsul],
------17.3. The fallacy of circular reasoning [dawr].

Chapter [3].

---Verse 18: And faith is explained…
------18.1. The various levels of faith [īmān],
------18.2. The etiquette of the two testimonies of faith [shahādatayn],
------18.3. Verification [taḥqīq].

---Verse 19: And it was said to be a condition…
------19.1. The levels of professing the shahāda,
------19.2. The definition of Islam.
------19.3. Īmān and Islam.

---Verse 20: Examples of this are the Hajj
------20.1. The hierarchy of worship,
------20.2. The definition of Hajj,
------20.3. When Hajj was made obligatory,
------20.4. The definition of prayer [ṣalāt],
------20.5. When prayer was made obligatory,
------20.6. The definition of fasting [ṣiyām],
------20.7. When fasting was made obligatory,
------20.8. The definition of alms [zakāt],
------20.9. When zakāt was made obligatory.

---Verse 21: And the stronger opinion is…
------21.1. The rational and textual proof for the increase of faith.

---Verse 22: And it decreases due to…
------22.1. Faith neither increases nor decreases according to Abū Ḥanīfa,
------22.2. Abū Ḥanīfa’s interpretation of the verses that indicate an increase in faith,
------22.3. The reply to Abū Ḥanīfa and the Māturīdīs,
------22.4. The faith of the Prophets and angels.

Chapter [4].

---Verse 23: Necessary for Him is…
------23.1. The subject matter of the Jawhara,
------23.2. The meaning of Necessary Existent [Wājib al-wujūd],
------23.3. The rational proof for existence [wujūd],
------23.4. The categories of existent things,
------23.5. Doctrines that are rejected by Ahl al-Sunna,
------23.6. The creation proves the existence of the Creator,
------23.7. The attributes of negation [ṣifāt al-salbiyya],
------23.8. The rational proof for pre-eternality [qidam],
------23.9. The difference between pre-eternal [qadīm] and beginningless [azalī],
------23.10. The textual proof for qidam,
------23.11. The rational and textual proof for eternality [baqāʾ],
------23.12. The divisions of existence and non-existence.

---Verse 24: And whatsoever is affected…
------24.1. The rational proof for dissimilarity from the creation [mukhālafa lil-ḥawādith],
------24.2. The textual proof for mukhālafa lil-ḥawādith.

---Verse 25: Self-subsistence, and oneness…
------25.1. The rational proof for self-subsistence [qiyām bil-nafs],
------25.2. The textual proof for qiyām bil-nafs,
------25.3. The rational and textual proof for oneness [waḥdāniyya],
------25.4. Negating the five pluralities [al-kumūm al-khamsa].

---Verse 26: Above an opposite, a resemblance…
------26.1. Types of resemblance,
------26.2. The definition of ‘friend’ [ṣadīq],
------26.3. What Allah is not.

Chapter [5].

---Verse 27: And power, (and) will…
------27.1. The attributes of meaning [ṣifāt al-maʿānī],
------27.2. The attributes pertaining to meaning [ṣifāt al-maʿnawiyya],
------27.3. Functions of the attribute of power [qudra],
------27.4. Potential power [qudra ṣulūḥī] and effective power [qudra tanjīzī],
------27.5. The rational and textual proof for power [qudra],
------27.6. Potential will [irāda ṣulūḥī] and effective will [irāda tanjīzī],
------27.7. The rational and textual proof for will [irāda],
------27.8. Cosmic will [irāda kawniyya] and legal will [irāda sharʿiyya].

---Verse 28: And His knowledge is not…
------28.1. The attribute of knowledge [ʿilm],
------28.2. The rational and textual proof for ʿilm,
------28.3. Human knowledge is created,
------28.4. Allah’s knowledge is pre-eternal.

---Verse 29: His life, likewise, speech…
------29.1. The rational and textual proof for life [ḥayāt],
------29.2. The rational and textual proof for speech [kalām],
------29.3. How Mūsā spoke to his Lord,
------29.4. The proof for hearing [samʿ] and sight [baṣar].

---Verse 30: Is perception to be attributed…
------30.1. How scholars define perception [idrāk],
------30.2. The various opinions regarding idrāk.

Chapter [6].

---Verse 31: Living, All-Knowing, All-Powerful…
------31.1. The number of attributes pertaining to meaning [ṣifāt al-maʿnawiyya],
------31.2. A minor linguistic controversy regarding these attributes,
------31.3. The view of the Muʿtazila regarding the ṣifāt al-maʿnawiyya.
------31.4. The source of the statement [manṭūq] & what is inferred from it [mafhūm],
------31.5. Allah’s will [irāda] and His wish [mashīʾa], and how they are connected to His knowledge and His life.

---Verse 32: Speaking, then the attributes of…
------32.1. The view of the Muʿtazila regarding the speech of Allah,
------32.2. The view of Ahl al-Sunna regarding the speech of Allah,
------32.3. An introduction into the dispute regarding the attributes [ṣifāt].

---Verse 33: Power is connected to…
------33.1. Connected [mutaʿalliq] and not connected [ghayr mutaʿalliq] attributes,
------33.2. The connection [taʿalluq] of power and will,
------33.3. Imam al-Laqānī repeats the word taʿalluq.

---Verse 34: Affirm oneness for it…
------34.1. Allah’s qudra is one,
------34.2. The similarity between Allah’s will and His power,
------34.3. The similarity between Allah’s knowledge and His power.

---Verse 35: And generalise it to include…
------35.1. The taʿalluq of knowledge,
------35.2. The taʿalluq of speech.

---Verse 36: And everything in existence…
------36.1. The taʿalluq of sight and hearing
------36.2. Hearing and sight: potentiality [ṣulūḥī] and effectiveness [tanjīzī].

---Verse 37: And these are (other than) knowledge…
------37.1. Attributes that are not connected [ghayr mutaʿalliq ṣifāt]

Chapter [7].

---Verse 38: And our position is that…
------38.1. The derivation of the word ism and its implications
------38.2. The superiority of some names over others,
------38.3. How the greatest name honours the children of Adam,
------38.4. The definition of ‘attribute’ [ṣifa] and its lexical meaning.

---Verse 39: And the chosen position is that…
------39.1. The names of Allah are divinely established [tawqīfiyya],
------39.2. The various opinions on asserting a name or attribute—the meaning of which describes Allah,
------39.3. The names of the Prophet, ﷺ, are divinely established.

---Verse 40: And every text that implies…
------40.1. The unambiguous verses [muḥkamāt] and the ambiguous verses [mutashābihāt],
------40.2. The lexical meaning of the word taʾwīl,
------40.3. The technical meaning of interpretation [taʾwīl],
------40.4. The meaning of consigning [tafwīḍ],
------40.5. The way of the salaf regarding taʾwīl and tafwīḍ,
------40.6. How the predecessors [salaf] and the later generations [khalaf] approached the mutashābihāt.

---Verse 41: And declare the Qurʾan transcendent…
------41.1. Self-speech [kalām nafsī] and verbal speech [kalām lafẓī],
------41.2. Some of the trials the scholars of Ahl al-Sunna experienced for believing that the Qurʾan is not created,
------41.3. Imam Aḥmad’s trial at the hands of al-Maʾmūn,
------41.4. The Prophet, ﷺ, is better than kalām lafẓī,
------31.4. The source of the statement [manṭūq] and what is inferred from it [mafhūm],
------31.5. Allah’s will [irāda] and His wish [mashīʾa], and how they are connected to His knowledge and His life.

---Verse 42: And every text alluding to…
------42.1. The various opinions regarding the speech of Allah,
------42.2. Some of the meanings indicated by kalām lafẓī,
------42.3. The Qurʾan is the speech of Allah.

Chapter [8].

---Verse 43: And impossible is the opposite of…
------43.1. What is impossible for Allah.

---Verse 44: And permissible for Him is…
------44.1. What is possible for Allah.

---Verse 45: He creates the servant and…
------45.1. Allah is the Creator of everything,
------45.2. Enabling grace [tawfīq] according to Imam al-Juwaynī,
------45.3. Tawfīq according to Imam al-Ashʿarī.

---Verse 46: And He withholds from whom…
------46.1. Allah withholds from whom He wills,
------46.2. The promise to reward and to punish.

---Verse 47: The bliss of the fortunate is…
------47.1. The fortunate and the unfortunate.

---Verse 48: And according to us, the servant is…
------48.1. The way [madhhab] of the Jabriyya regarding the actions of the servant,
------48.2. The madhhab of the Muʿtazila regarding the actions of the servant,
------48.3. The madhhab of Ahl al-Sunna regarding the actions of the servant,
------48.4. Voluntary actions.

---Verse 49: Thus, he is neither coerced…
------49.1. The servant is not coerced.

---Verse 50: If He rewards, then it is…
------50.1. Allah rewards from His grace and punishes from His justice,
------50.2. The various beliefs regarding cause and effect.

---Verses 51-52: And their saying, that which is good…
------51.1. Allah is the sole Creator,
------51.2. The madhhab of the Muʿtazila regarding good and evil.

---Verse 53: It is possible for Him to create evil…
------53.1. Why some fall into disbelief and reject Islam,
------53.2. Some of the wisdoms behind the creation of evil,
------53.3. Some of the wisdoms behind the creation of evil according to Imam al-Ghazālī.

---Verse 54: And it is necessary to believe in…
------54.1. The necessity of believing in the decree [qaḍā] and predestination [qadr],
------54.2. The definition of qadr,
------54.3. The definition of qaḍā,
------54.4. The objective and purpose of the belief in qaḍā and qadr,
------54.5. Being satisfied with the qaḍā and qadr of Allah,
------54.6. Using qaḍā and qadr as an excuse for disobedience,
------54.7. Does supplication [duʿāʾ] deflect the Divine decree?

---Verses 55-56: And from that (which is possible) is…
------55.1. The beatific vision of Allah,
------55.2. Those who differ with Ahl al-Sunna regarding the beatific vision
------55.3. The proofs that it is possible to see Allah,
------55.4. The believers’ vision of Allah in this world whilst awake,
------55.5. The believers’ vision of Allah in this world whilst asleep,
------55.6. The believers’ vision of Allah in the Hereafter,
-------------The Prophet’s vision of Allah.


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