Hafiz al-Shirazi

Shams al-Din Hafiz al Shirazi [d.791H /1389 CE] 'alayhi al-rahmah wa'l-ridwan,

Khawaja Shams al-Din Muhammad Ibn-i Muhammad, known as Hafiz, was born into a merchant family of Shiraz, Iran, some time between 1321 and 1326 CE; he died in the same city around 1389 Common Era. The word "hafiz" means reciter. The poet chose this takhallus because, allegedly, he could recite the Qur'an in a number of different forms--fourteen according to his own poetry and seven according to his colleague and biographer, Muhammad Gulandam. Little is known about the formative years of Hafiz's life other than that he was orphaned at an early age and was employed by a baker as dough maker. What is known is that he was a scholar, an 'arif, a hafiz of the Qur'an and an exegete of the Book.