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Fiqh (Arabic)

Hashiyatil \'Attar \'Ala Sharh al-Mahalli \'Ala Jam \'al-Jawami
Hashiyatil 'Attar 'Ala Sharh al-Mahalli 'Ala Jam 'al-Jawami
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Details:  Hashiyatil 'Attar 'Ala Sharh Jalal al-Mahalli 'Ala Jam` al-Jawami`- 2 Volumes, (Arabic),  حاشية العطار على شرح جلال الدين المحلي على جمع الجوامع
Hardback, 1549 Pages, Vol.I 719 pages, Vol.II 830 pages.
by: al-'Allamah ash-Shaykh Hassan bin Muhammad al-'Attar,
Explanation by: Imam Jalal al-Din Muhalli,
Author of the Matn: Imam Taj al-Din ibn Subki,
Edited by: Muhammad Tamir,
Published by: Darul Kutub al-Ilmiyyah,





Description :


Jam` al-Jawami` fi Usul al-Fiqh, in seven books and intro­ductions, completed 760 A.H. at Nairab near Damascus, a compendium of the principles of law. This is perhaps the most famous of Ibn Subkis many works. It remains up to this day the standard work on Shafi`ite law and is used as a textbook at the study of law at the great Islamic University of Cairo. It is the only work of Taj al-Din that so far has been printed [as of the time this book was first published: 1908 C.E./1308 A.H.].



Commentaries:


The following commentaries have been written on the Jam` al-Jawami`:
1) Tashnif al-Musami` bi-Jam` al-Jawami`, by Badr al-Din al-Zarkashi (d. 794).
Abridgment of this: al-Ghaith al-Hani, by Abu Zar`a al-`Iraqi (d. 826).

2) Sharh Jam` al-Jawami`, by Jalal al-Din al-Mahhalli (d. 864), written 827, one of the most famous commentaries on the author’s work, printed in Cairo 1308 A.H., and used with the Jam` al-Jawami` itself as a text book at the University of Cairo.

Notes on the commentary by al-Mahalli:
(1) Kitab al-Durar al-Lawami, by Kamal al-Din ibn Abi Sarif (d. 907), written 906 A.H.
(2) Hashiya fi Jam` al-Jawami, by Abu Yahiya Zakariyya al-Ansari (d. 926).
(3) al-Ayat al-Bayyinat, by Shihab al-Din al-Sabbaj al-`Ibadi (d. 992), a work on the errors made by al-Mahalli in his commentary on the Jam` al-Jawami. Printed in 4 volumes, Bulaq, 1289 A.H.
(4) Hashiya fi Sharh Jam` al-Jawami, by `Abd al-Rahman al-Bannani (d. 1198). Printed in 2 volumes, Bulaq 1285, Cairo 1309 A.H.
(5) Badr al-Din ibn Hatib al-Takhariyya, pupil of al-Mahalli, (d. 893).
(6) Muhammad ibn Dawud al-Bazilli (d. 925).
(7) Qutb al-Din `Isa al-Safawi al-‘Ighi, from Mekka, (d. 955).
(8) `Isa ibn Muhammad al-Barawi; MS Paris 806 (740 pp.).
(9) Nasir al-Din Muhammad al-Maliki al-Luqani.
(10) `Ali ibn Ahmad al-Najjar al-Sha`rani.
(11) Muhammad ibn Barri al-`Adawi (d. 1193).


Other commentaries and commentators on the Jam` al-Jawami` itself:
3) al-Buruq al-Lawami` fi ma Urida `Ala Jam` al-Jawami, by Shams al-Din Muhammad al-Ghazzi (d. 808), a severe criticism on the Jam` al-Jawami`, put together into 32 questions. Taj al-Din wrote a new book in his own defence – Man` al-Mawani` – against this commentary.
4) `Izz al-Din Abu Bakr al-Kanani (d. 819).
5) Shihab al-Din al-Raula al-Muqaddasi (d. 844).
6) Burhan al-Din al-Kabakibi al-Kudsi (d. 850).
7) Ibn al-`Abbas al-`Adawi.
8) Shihab al-Din al-Ghazzi (d. 822).
9) Shihab al-Din al-Kurani (d. 893).
10) `Abd al-Barri al-Halabi, the Hanafite, (d. 921).


Versifications:
The Jam` al-Jawami` has been put into verse by following authors:
1) Shihab al-Din `Abd al-Rahman al-Tukhi (d. 893).
2) Rida al-Din al-Ghazzi (d. 925).
A commentary on this versification by the author’s son Badr al-Din al-Ghazzi (d. 984).

3) al-Kawkab al-Sati, versification by Jalal al-Din al-­Suyuti (d. 911).
A commentary by the author on his versification called Sharh al-Kawkab al-Sati`.

Taj al-Din himself wrote two books on the Jam` al-Jawami`:

2. Man` al-Mawani` `An Su’alat Jam` al-Jawami`, about 400 pages, written as a reply to the criticism on the Jam` al-Jawami` by Shams al-Din Muhammad al-Ghazzi (d. 808) in a work called al-Buruq al-Lawami` fi ma Urida `Ala Jam` al-Jawami`. Taj al-Din takes up and answers 33 (Paris MS gives only 32) questions, stated at the beginning of the book.
3. Sharh Jam` al-Jawami`, a commentary on his own legal work, completed in 770 A.H., or the year before Taj ­al-Din died.
 

كتاب في الفقه الشافعي يتناول شروحات وإضافات على شرح الجلال المحلي على جمع .الجوامع في أصول الفقه الشافعي وهو كتاب له منزلة كبيرة من كتب الفقه
 



About the Author: Taj al-Din al-Subki, may Allah be pleased with him, the author of the Mu`id al-Ni`am wa Mubid al-Niqam, belongs to a large family of al-Subkis, whose members during the seventh and eighth century A.H. made themselves renowned, not only for their learning, high positions as qadis, jurisconsultants, professors, preachers, and writers, but also for their high personal qualities. As the family name al-Subki shows and historical records prove, the family of these times came from one of the two villages Subk in lower Egypt, namely the Subk in the province of Sharkiyya, near Memphis. Here, as we know, the father of the author, Taqi al-Din al-Subki, was born. Mubarak says that Allah had bestowed special favours on this village in allowing it to give to the world two such men as Taqi al-Din and his son Taj al-Din.


The family, however, carried its pedigree back to the time of the Prophet, and claimed to be descendants of the tribe of Khazraj, or one of the two dominating tribes of the old city of Yathrib, then later Madinah, who became the followers, supporters, and champions of [the Prophet] Muhammad, Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam. Hence the members of the Subki family call themselves al-Khazraji.


The pedigree of Taj al-Din, as constructed from native biographers, is thus carried back through some sixteen generations to the time of the Beloved Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.





















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