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ibn Muhammad ibn Ahmad, Abu Hamid al-Tusi al-Ghazali [or al-Ghazali]
al-Shafi‘i (450-505), may Allah be pleased with him, "the Proof of Islam" (Hujjat al-Islam), "Ornament
of the Faith," "Gatherer of the Multifarious Sciences," "Great Siddîq,"
absolute mujtahid, a major Shafi‘i jurist, heresiographer and debater,
expert in the principles of doctrine and those of jurisprudence. Shaykh
Yusuf al-Qaradawi stated that, like ‘Umar ibn ‘Abd al-‘Aziz and
al-Shafi‘i for their respective times, al-Ghazali is unanimously
considered the Renewer of the Fifth Islamic Century.
Ibn al-Subki, may Allah be pleased with him,
writes: "He came at a time when people stood in direr need of replies
against the philosophers than the darkest night stands in need of the
light of the moon and stars." Among his teachers in law, debate, and
principles: Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Râdhakâni in Tus, Abu Nasr al-Isma‘ili
in Jurjan, and Imam al-Haramayn; Abu al-Ma‘ali al-Juwayni, may Allah be pleased with them, in Naysabur,
from where he departed to Baghdad after the latter’s death. Among his other shaykhs in hadith were Nasr
ibn ‘Ali ibn Ahmad al-Hakimi al-Tusi, ‘Abd Allah ibn Muhammad ibn Ahmad
al-Khawari, Muhammad ibn Yahya ibn Muhammad al-Suja`i al-Zawzani, the
hadith master Abu al-Fityan ‘Umar ibn Abi al-Hasan al-Ru’asi
al-Dahistani, and Nasr ibn Ibrahim al-Maqdisi. Among his shaykhs in
tasawwuf were al-Fadl ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Ali al-Farmadi al-Tusi – one of
Abu al-Qasim al-Qushayri’s students – and Yusuf al-Sajjaj.---Shaykh Dr. Gibril F. Haddad.
Much better than translations by Reynold Nicholson in...